Park Trammell was one of the early settlers of Lakeland, Florida and a major figure in Florida politics in the first third of the 20th century. He began his career as mayor of Lakeland at the turn of the century and later went on to serve as a state representative in 1902, a state senator from 1904 to 1908, Florida Attorney General from 1909 to 1913, Florida Governor from 1913 to 1917, and twenty years as a U. S. Senator from Florida from 1917 to 1936. He died in 1936.
Trammell's widow donated his Senatorial and personal papers to the Lakeland Public Library in 1940. They were subsequently donated to the University of Florida and the Lakeland Public Library provided with a microfilm copy. Trammell's gubernatorial papers reside in the Florida Sate Archives in Tallahassee. The building housing the Lakeland Public Library was named the Park Trammell Building in 1955. It is now home to the Greater Lakeland Chamber of Commerce.
The Lakeland Public Library retained a small collection of Trammell related items, primarily photographs and campaign brochures. Those items are displayed in this collection.